A woman wondering what the side effects of the abortion pill are.

You’re pregnant and considering abortion, but first, it’s time to explore your options and learn about the potential side effects and risks you might face.

Miami Valley Women’s Center is here to help you gather important information about the chemical abortion procedure called the abortion pill.

What is the abortion pill and how does it work? 

Don’t let the name confuse you — the abortion “pill” actually uses two pills, Mifepristone and Misoprostol. Taken first, Mifepristone is used to terminate the pregnancy by ceasing the body’s production of progesterone, a hormone that nourishes and grows the pregnancy.

Once the pregnancy has been terminated, Misoprostol is taken to force the fetal tissue from the womb by causing contractions.

The abortion pill is only effective in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. Schedule your no-cost ultrasound scan at Miami Valley Women’s Center today to determine if you are eligible. 

What are the side effects of the abortion pill? 

The abortion pill is often accompanied by a list of side effects, including…

  • Vomiting 
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever and chills
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches

In addition to these side effects, the abortion pill process will inherently involve heavy cramping, abdominal pain, and bleeding as the pregnancy is passed from the uterus.  

What are the risks of the abortion pill?  

While the above side effects will typically go away within days or weeks, some women are left with long-term, severe health conditions following the procedure. 

Health risks associated with the abortion pill include the following: 

  • Hemorrhaging 
  • Infections
  • Sepsis 
  • Mental health challenges1
  • Heightened risk of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)2

I’m pregnant! Where can I find free help? 

If you’re facing an unplanned pregnancy, it can be a challenge to find the affordable, quality healthcare you deserve. Miami Valley Women’s Center is here to help! 

We provide pregnancy healthcare services at NO cost, including pregnancy testing, ultrasound scans, options counseling, abortion information, and material and educational resources.

Our center exists to help you make an informed and empowered choice for your pregnancy. Schedule your free appointment today!


  1. Broen AN, Moum T, Bødtker AS, Ekeberg O. The course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: a longitudinal, fiveyear follow-up study. BMC Med. 2005;3:18.
  2. Westergaard L, Phillipsen T, Scheibel J (1982). “Significance of cervical Chlamydia trachomatis infection in postabortal pelvic inflammatory disease.” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 68(5): 668-90; Ovigstad E, et al. (1983). “Pelvic inflammatory disease associated with Chlamydia trachomatis infection after therapeutic abortion.” Br J Vener Dis, 59: 189-92; Heisterberg L, et al. (1987). “The role of vaginal secretory immunoglobulin a, gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobes, and Chlamydia trachomatis in post abortal pelvic inflammatory disease.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 66(2): 99-102.
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